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Info - Exhaust Gas Measurement

Exhaust Gas Measurement on Forklift Trucks

FORKLIFTS / INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS - GAS POWERED ENGINE

The exhaust gas from gas-powered internal combustion engines contains various toxic gases, but in these engines only the Carbon Monoxide CO content has to be measured in accordance with German regulations. 

 

Ausrufezeichen_300dpiDGUV 79 / BGV D34 – German accident prevention regulation "Use of liquid gas" (AUSZUG)

§37 Fahrzeuge mit Flüssgas-Verbrennungsmotor (Excerpt)

 

Paragraph (2)

It is the responsibility of the owner to ensure that the pollutant content in the exhaust gas is checked periodically, but at least every six months, by an expert and adjusted to the lowest achievable value.

Instructions for the implementation of § 37 Para. 2:

The lowest achievable value can be expected if the CO content does not exceed 0.1 % by volume when the engine is running at operating temperature.

A test certificate, which must be completed, signed and handed over to the owner by the expert, serves as proof that the exhaust gas measurement has been carried out.

 

Definition of Carbon Monoxide: 

Poison_Gas_b2cm

Carbon Monoxide (short form: CO) is a colourless, odourless, tasteless and toxic gas.

It is extremely toxic because it prevents the transport of oxygen. Carbon Monoxide poisoning can lead to death within a very short time.

 

CO CONCENTRATION INHALATION TIME AND TOXIC SYMPTOM DEVELOPMENT
30 ppm = 0.003 Vol.%  AGW value = Maximum workplace concentration at 8h working time (Occupational exposure limit)
200 ppm = 0.02 Vol.% Slight headache within 2-3 hours
400ppm = 0.04 Vol. % Headache in the forehead area within 1-2 hours, spreading throughout the whole head within 2.5 - 3.5 hours
800 ppm = 0.08 Vol.% Dizziness, nausea, and limb twitching within 45 minutes. Unconsciousness within 2 hours.
1.600 ppm = 0.16 Vol.% Headache, dizziness and nausea within 20 minutes. Death within 2 hours.
3.200 ppm = 0.32 Vol.% Headache, dizziness and nausea within 5 - 10 minutes. Death within 30 minutes.
6.400 ppm = 0.64 Vol.% Headache and dizziness within 1 - 2 minutes. Death within 10 - 15 minutes.
12.800ppm = 1.28 Vol.%   Death within 1 - 3 minutes

 

SUMMARY

  • Semi-annual exhaust gas test of CO carbon monoxide content and engine adjustment < 0.1 Vol% (= 1,000 ppm)
  • Issue of test certificate

 

PRODUCTS FOR EXHAUST GAS MEASUREMENT ON GAS-POWERED FORKLIFTS

 


For further information please do not hesitate to contact us at the following Phone Number +49 7131 200064.

Or use our Contact Form.

FORKLIFTS / INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS - ENGINE: DIESEL

The exhaust gas from diesel-powered internal combustion engines contains various harmful gases, but the exhaust gas from a diesel engine also contains soot particles which must be measured or checked.

 

Definition of Soot:

Russ_giftig_b2cmSoot occurs during combustion processes as an undesirable product and contains oily products from incomplete combustion.

Soot consists mainly of small particles which, due to their size, can penetrate into a person's lungs.

Soot has been shown in medical studies to be carcinogenic.

 

Ausrufezeichen_300dpiTRGS 554 - Exhaust Gases from Diesel engines

Excerpt regarding the soot number

  • Applies to work areas (fully or partially enclosed spaces) where exhaust gases from diesel engines may occur in the air at the workplace.
  • Only diesel forklifts equipped with a diesel particulate filter (DPF) system that guarantees a permanent separation rate of more than 90% may be used in these workplaces.
  • The exhaust emissions of diesel engines in fully or partially enclosed working areas shall be monitored in accordance with the requirements of Appendix 3.
  • Appendix 3 – Maintenance Concept, Exhaust Gas Measurement
    • The engine condition must be determined by an expert after 1500 operating hours at the latest, but at least once a year, by measurements in the undiluted exhaust gas of the diesel engine in reproducible operating conditions, e.g. upper idling.
    • In order to be able to carry out an evaluation of the emitted soot, a so-called soot number was introduced.
    • The soot number is an indicator of the soot emission of a diesel engine, measured with a filter-based measuring instrument. The soot contained in the exhaust gas blackens the filter paper. The soot number is determined by measuring the optical reflection of the blackened filter in comparison with a clean filter and is expressed as the soot number.
  • A test certificate, which must be filled in by the expert, signed and handed over to the user, serves as proof of the soot number measurement carried out.

 

SUMMARY

  • Annual or at the latest after 1500 operating hours exhaust gas measurement according to the maintenance concept.
  • The exhaust gas measurement can only be carried out after an engine maintenance.
  • Issue of test certificate

 

PRODUKTE ZUR ABGASMESSUNG AN DIESELBETRIEBENEN STAPLERN / FLURFÖRDERZEUGEN

 


For further information please do not hesitate to contact us at the following Phone Number +49 7131 200064.

Or use our Contact Form.